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Rhys Baker (TFScientist)

Apprenticeship Alum

Joined 3 years ago from Peterborough, UK

I am full time stay-at-home Dad and part time writer. I used to teach science to 11-18 year olds at an inner city Catholic School. I start a new job teaching science at Arthur Mellows Village College, Peterborough, UK in September.

My areas of expertise are education, cell and molecular biology, and dodgeball

My Content: Hubs, Answers, and Forums

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  • Business and Employment (1)
  • Education and Science (27)
  • Health (1)
  • HubPages Tutorials and Community (11)
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  • Education and Science (60)
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  • Sports and Recreation (5)
  • 4

    What is ATP?

    15 months ago

    An introduction to ATP. Including the principles of metabolic pathways, and the structure, use and importance of ATP. Don't forget the review quiz!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE15

    Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis

    2 years ago

    Cell division is the process by which biological cells multiply. Learn the events of Mitosis & Meiosis using diagrams, tables, videos & quizzes.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE4

    What are Acids?

    2 years ago

    Familiarise yourself with the power of hydrogen! Lean the difference between acids, bases and alkalis; find out how to make your own pH indicator from cabbage and discover the real difference between strong and weak...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE1

    The Organ Systems of the Human Body

    2 years ago

    Organ systems are groups of different organs working together to do a particular job. Take a closer look at the roles of each of the organ systems in the human body.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    What are the Plant Groups?

    2 years ago

    Plants show a wonderful diversity and comprise some of the smallest and largest organisms on our planet. In order for them to be properly studied, they need to be classified - learn how here!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE0

    Types of Microscopy

    2 years ago

    Take a closer look at microscopy! Learn the differences between an electron and light microscope, know your resolution from your magnificaiton and learn how to correctly use a microscope.

  • 1

    Periodic Table for Chemistry

    2 years ago

    What is the Periodic Table, how is it organised, who discovered it and what do all those numbers mean? All these questions and more answered, with some catchy tunes thrown in for good measure!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE1

    What Makes a Metal?

    2 years ago

    The Periodic Table can be broadly split into two groups: Metals and Non-Metals. But what makes a metal? What are the properties of metals? And what are non-metals used for?

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE8

    Gym Workout for Beginners

    2 years ago

    It is never too late (or too early) to join a gym. Avoid the pitfalls of a gym novice and learn how to choose a gym, how to construct a workout and how to look like a gym pro. Also includes a video workout for you to...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    Comparing Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

    23 months ago

    There are two major divisions of life on this planet - prokaryotes (ancient organisms lacking a nucleus and membrane bound organelles) and eukaryotes (more recent organisms with a complex system of membrane bound...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE4

    Dodgeball Strategy Tips

    2 years ago

    Playing dodgeball is easy. It is a great and fun game requiring no particular skill set. Playing dodgeball well is tougher. Here we look at strategies to succeed in all aspects of the game.

  • 5

    How to Make a Sausage Casserole

    2 years ago

    An easy to follow recipe for a sausage casserole. Healthy, cheap, and delicious. You can even use left overs or substitute the meats. Great for new parents or people with busy lives!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE15

    What are the 5 Main Vertebrate Groups?

    2 years ago

    Vertebrates are a sub-phylum of animals that possess a spinal cord and backbone. But this doesn't mean that they all look the same. This hub looks at the five major vertebrate groups and what makes them unique.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE3

    The Biology ABC

    2 years ago

    Take a look at the A-Z of Biology. 26 of the most important terms in the field, with a brief explanation of each one. Complete with illustrations and instructional videos. Enjoy!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE1

    How to Play Dodgeball: A Beginner's Guide

    2 years ago

    Dodgeball - the sport where YOU are the target! No longer the reserve of school PE lessons, Dodgeball is a rapidly growing sport in both the UK and the US. Requiring no particular skill set, dodgeball can be played by...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE4

    Tips for Bringing Your Newborn Home

    2 years ago

    The drive home from the hospital with your new baby can be the scariest ride of your life. But this is just the beginning. You are now responsible for the health, well-being and happiness of a new human being. This hub...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    Is Breastfeeding Best for Infants?

    23 months ago

    You may have heard the term 'breast is best.' But have you ever wondered why this is true? This comprehensive review of breast-feeding contains useful how-to videos, some tips for successful breast feeding and takes a...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE6

    Labor and Delivery Tips for Expectant Dads

    19 months ago

    Becoming a Dad can be quite overwhelming. The day your partner gives birth will be life changing. Here are some tips to help the 'big day' go smoothly, and then some advice for smoothing out the days after.

  • 8

    Space Probe Photos: NASA Pictures

    2 years ago

    12 of the best images captured by the myriad of space probes that have explored our solar system in the last 60 years.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE7

    My Wife is Pregnant

    2 years ago

    So you are going to be a Dad! Congratulations! You are about to embark on a life changing roller-coaster ride. This hub looks at some of the lesser known facts about pregnancy and how to deal with them

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE3

    What are the Galilean Moons?

    2 years ago

    Take a visual tour through the four largest moons of Jupiter - the Galilean Moons: Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. Journey from the most volcanic body in the solar system to ice worlds that may hide life to the...

  • 5

    How are Moons Made?

    2 years ago

    Take a look at the three different ways the 300+ moons of the solar system have formed: Accretion Impact Events Capture Events

  • 3

    What are Biological Molecules?

    2 years ago

    The key biological molecules are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. These molecules either become part of our bodies or are used to provide us with energy. We are - literally - what we eat

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    The Olympic Games Explained: A Kids' Guide

    2 years ago

    Take a look at some of the history and trivia associated with the Olympic Games. Learn when the first Olympics was held (Ancient, Wenlock and Modern), what the medals are made of and the most successful athletes and...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE3

    How to Quickly Write an Effective Lesson Plan

    3 years ago

    What is the best way to write an effective lesson plan? How can you reduce time spent on lesson planning? Actually, there is no one answer to either of these questions, but this hub aims to give you some advice...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE4

    How Does Blood Work?

    3 years ago

    This miraculous fluid feeds you, heals you, and fights battles for you. Take a closer look at how your blood works.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE14

    The World's Deadliest Reptiles

    2 years ago

    Take a closer look at some of the most dangerous reptiles that inhabit our world. Look at how they are adapted to take down their prey, and how they stack up against each other.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE12

    Top Ten Physics Questions and Answers

    2 years ago

    Often thought of as impenetrably difficult and complex, Physics explains the inner workings of the Universe...and your wireless network...and boomerangs...and electricity. This hub looks at ten of the best questions...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE9

    Top Ten Chemistry Questions and Answers

    3 years ago

    Kids come up with great questions. This hub aims to answer some tricky chemistry questions I have come across in my experience as a High School Teacher. From what is an acid to how do fireworks change colour to how glow...

  • 12

    What are Photosynthesis and Respiration?

    2 years ago

    Photosynthesis and Respiration are two sides of the same coin, and the two most important reactions on Earth. Learn more about them here.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE10

    Microbes and Disease

    3 years ago

    Most of the life on our planet is too small to be seen with the naked eye. This hub investigates Bacteria, Fungi and Viruses and their impact on our lives.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE8

    Science Fair Project - Making a Model Plant Cell Pizza

    2 years ago

    An edible science fair project! Make a model plant cell out of pizza.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE15

    The Asteroid Belt and Outer Planets of the Solar System

    3 years ago

    Take a closer look at the outer reaches of our solar system. From the Asteroid Belt, to the Gas Giants and out into the Oort cloud via the Plutoids in the Kuiper Belt. A fascinating subject!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE5

    The Sun and Inner Planets of the Solar System

    3 years ago

    As a teacher one of the ever-popular topics I teach is space. This hub visits the objects in the inner solar system and gives some fun facts along with great photos. Also looks at the origins of the solar system and...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE16

    What is the Particle Model - A Guide to Solids, Liquids and Gases

    2 years ago

    As a teacher, particles are one of the first topics I teach pupils upon entering High School. This hub investigates the weird and wonderful world of particles. How do you draw particle diagrams? How many states of...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE29

    What are the Differences Between Animal and Plant Cells?

    3 years ago

    This hub looks at the basic similarities and difference between animal and plant cells. We shall also investigate the functions of different organelles, and how cells are adapted to perform certain functions

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE3

    What is the Fastest Animal in the World?

    3 years ago

    What are the fastest animals on the planet? And how do they achieve such amazing speeds? What is the cost of such phenomenal performance? This hub takes a closer look at the Olympic sprinters of the Natural World.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE13

    Stay Safe in the Sun: Treating and Preventing Sunburn

    2 years ago

    Do you know your UVA from your UVB? How often should sunscreen be reapplied? What is the difference between sunscreen and sunblock? And what is the best way to soothe sunburn? Arm yourself with the facts ahead of the...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE25

    Top 10 Tricky Science Questions: Biology

    3 years ago

    This hub answers tricky biology questions including 'What is Brainfreeze?', 'How Safe are X-Rays?', and 'What are Goosebumps' from my experience teaching biology

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE8

    Technology in Rugby Equipment

    2 years ago

    Rugby has undergone a transformation since William Webb Ellis first picked up a football and ran with it at Rugby school in 1823. This hub explores some of the developments and some of the technology inherent in rugby...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE10

    How to Become a Molecular Biologist

    3 years ago

    Biology degrees open up exciting careers in a wide range of industries. Here we look at Molecular Biology. What does the job entail? What are the benefits? What skills does a molecular biologist need? How do you become...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE10

    How to Calculate Genetic Drift

    3 years ago

    Genetic drift explains how and why neutral mutations change in frequency in a population. But what is Genetic drift? And where does bottlenecking and the founder effect fit in? This hub has the answers

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE9

    What do Cell Biologists Do?

    3 years ago

    What can you do with a degree in science? Cell biology is just one career path open to those who pursue science - but what do they do? How much to they make? How do you become a Cell biologist? This hub has the answers

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE4

    How to Name Carbon Compounds: Alkanes, Alkenes, and Esters

    3 years ago

    Naming Organic compounds is easier than it looks once you know the basics. This hub explains the basics using examples of alkanes, alkenes, esters and alcohols.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE5

    How to Teach Science in Elementary School

    3 years ago

    It is never too early to start teaching science. this hub describes ideas, hints and tricks to teaching complex topics in a fun and informative way.

  • 15

    How to Use the Outdoors to Teach Science

    3 years ago

    Science is all around us. The natural classroom can be used for all manner of lessons such as forces, properties of materials, ecosystems, weathering and weather patterns. This hub explains some of the detail in...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE8

    Early Human Timelines

    3 years ago

    The road from Ape to Man has taken 6 million years. This hub analyses the various stops along the way and looks at what makes us human...at least, anatomically speaking.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE13

    How to Explain Darwin's Theory of Evolution

    19 months ago

    After a five year trip, 15 years of soul searching and 500 pages of collected evidence, Charles Darwin published 'On the Origin of Species' in November of 1859. Discover why this revolutionary text changed the face of...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE6

    More Top Ten Science Experiments to Try at Home

    3 years ago

    More simple, cheap and safe experiments to try at home, for young and old alike. Make lava lamps, hoop gliders, Elephant's toothpaste and twisters in a bottle...amongst other things!

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE11

    What is Life - A Guide to the Common Features of all Living Things

    3 years ago

    What is life? What separates moss, trees, animals, bacteria and archaea from rocks, mountains and clouds? We explore the common features of all living things. These processes can be remembered by the mneumonic: Mrs. Gren

  • 2

    The Six Nations Rugby Championship: A History to Date

    19 months ago

    The rugby world is divided, very much like the real world, into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This hub examines the premier international rugby competition of the Northern Hemisphere - the RBS Six Nations....

  • 4

    The Five Kingdoms of Life: A Visual, Step-by-Step Guide

    2 years ago

    To sort things into groups or categories is a uniquely human characteristic. This hub looks at the defining features of the five kingdoms of life: Prokaryotae, Protoctista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae.

  • 50

    Making Sense of Evolution Myths and Misconceptions

    3 years ago

    There are myths and misconceptions on both sides of the Evolution debate. This hub selects 10 arguments on both sides and seeks to dispel them. We ask ourselves "Is everything an adaptation?" "Is...

  • 13

    Top Ten Tricky Science Questions

    3 years ago

    A hub exploring the answers to more tricky questions (usually posed by an inquisitive child!) They include: Why does ice float? How Big is Space? Why does the moon sometimes look red? Are humans still evolving? Why does...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE1

    Protein Production: A Simple Summary of Transcription and Translation

    2 years ago

    What is the difference between tRNA and mRNA? How does a cell make only the proteins it needs?These questions are answered as we explore the stages protein synthesis - the process of Protein Production.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE64

    Top 10 Science Experiments to Try at Home

    3 years ago

    Science isn't confined to a lab - it is all around us. The 10 fun, cheap and easy experiments in this hub make great family projects. Above all this proves that science is fun - what other school subject helps you make...

  • 50

    Top 10 Tricky Science Questions: Answered

    3 years ago

    Why is the sky blue? Why is the moon sometimes out in the day? How much does the Earth weigh? Kids are great at asking questions that knock us for 6. Be prepared! This hub gives straightforward answers to 10 of the...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE9

    Making Crude Oil Useful - Fractional Distillation and Cracking

    3 years ago

    What is fractional distillation? How does it work Why is crude oil both important and useless? What is cracking? What is supply and demand? Why do long hydrocarbons have higher boiling points? Modern living is built on...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE1

    How to Have a Successful Parents Evening: a Step-by-Step Guide

    3 years ago

    What information do you need for parents evening? What If I cannot remember their name? How do I deal with pushy parents? Is Parents Evening the time for me to get my revenge? Answers and helpful advice to these...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE10

    What Are Enzymes? - Structure and Location

    2 years ago

    Why are enzymes useful? How does the body use enzymes? Why are enzymes specific to a single reaction? What are the strengths and weaknesses of enzymes? What has shape got to do with any of this? This hub answers these...

  • 46

    How to Explain DNA to Kids

    2 years ago

    DNA may be complicated, but it can still be understood by all. Look at some analogies, diagrams and science behind the molecule of life, DNA

  • 2

    Behaviour Management Techniques to Teach Difficult Classes

    3 years ago

    An extensive collection of hints, tips, links, videos, books, resources and ideas to use to create your perfect class. There is no such thing as an 'unteachable class' I hope it is useful

  • 11

    What is DNA? Nucleotides, Bases and Information Storage

    19 months ago

    What is DNA and How does DNA store information? What are Nucleotides? What is the structure of DNA? What is the difference between purines and pyrimidines? What is the meaning of life? How does structure of DNA relate...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    What Are Proteins? Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure

    19 months ago

    How is form related to function? How does primary structure influence tertiary structure? What is the secondary structure of a protein? What is tertiary for that matter? This hub answers these questions and more.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE5

    What Are Proteins? Making and Breaking Proteins

    19 months ago

    How are proteins made? What is the difference between transcription and translation? Why are digestive enzyme pills a waste of money? What is a polypeptide? What is the degenerate code? This hub answers these questions...

  • 2

    What Are Proteins? Central Dogma of Molecular Biology

    19 months ago

    First part of a series looking at proteins. This hub answers the questions 'Why do we Wee?' 'What are Proteins' and examines the central dogma of molecular biology

  • 6

    Exam Preparation: Revision - How do I get an A?

    3 years ago

    How do I get an A? How long should I revise for? What are some revision techniques? How should I prepare for exams? Is there any benefit to mock exams? This hub answers all these questions

  • 0

    How Do You Cure Cancer - Phytomedicines & Natural Remedies

    19 months ago

    Are conventional chemotherapies really 'synthetic'? Is cancer therapy natural vs. unnatural? Is there anything in phytotherapy. This series introduces these questions and gives the history of phytomedicine.

  • 7

    Stages of the Cell Cycle - Mitosis (Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase)

    3 years ago

    What are the events of Metaphase? What are the events of Anaphase? How do you distinguish Telophase from Anaphase? What is Cytokinesis? This detailed hub looks at these questions and more. Includes a narrated video of...

  • 2

    Stages of the Cell Cycle - Mitosis (Interphase and Prophase)

    2 years ago

    Why do Cells Divide? Are mitosis and cell cycle the same thing? What are the stages of the cell cycle? What are the stages of mitosis. This concise, well illustrated hub answers all these questions, with sources for...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE2

    Prokaryotic Cell Structure: A Visual Guide

    19 months ago

    Take a tour of Prokaryotes: The most numerous organisms on our planet. Complete with quizzes, videos, links and summary tables. Excellent for A-level and higher

  • 0

    What is Cancer - A Failure of Cell Death (Part 1 of 3)

    19 months ago

    An introduction to my next series, exploring Cancer Biology. In this substantial topic we introduce some key concepts and consider the paradox that all life is dependent on cell death.

  • 13

    What is Cancer - A Failure of Apoptosis (How Cancer Develops)

    19 months ago

    Cancer is an emotive word, but what is it? What causes a normal, somatic cell to turn cancerous? What are our defences against this foe, and are they all useless? This hub answers these questions and points out some...

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE3

    Structure of a Plant Cell: A Visual Guide

    2 years ago

    A detailed visual tour of the eukaryotic plant cell. Complete with videos, quizzes, links and summary tables. Excellent for A-level and higher.

  • 18

    Eukaryotic Animal Cell Structure: A Visual Guide

    2 years ago

    Take a visual tour of the animal cell. Complete with videos, quizzes, links and summary tables. Excellent for A-level and higher.

  • EDITOR'S CHOICE14

    How to Draw a Scientific Graph - A Step-by-Step Guide

    19 months ago

    A straightforward guide to drawing graphs in KS3 and GCSE science coursework and exams. Points out common pitfalls and shows a step-by-step guide to drawing these mark-rich answers perfectly

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